ERIC Number: ED423100
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Socio-Economic Impacts of School Consolidation on Host and Vacated Communities. Agricultural Economics Report No. 347.
Sell, Randall S.; Leistritz, F. Larry; Thompson, JoAnn M.
The number of public high school districts in North Dakota declined from 256 to 186 during 1970-94; 22 school districts were eliminated in the last 5 years of that period. A survey was conducted in eight communities (four pairs) that had gone through school district consolidation and school closing during 1991-94. Community populations in 1994 ranged from 45 to 696, and 6 communities had experienced recent population declines. Schools that closed had 47-97 students in their last year, while consolidated schools had 75-677 students in 1994. Responses were received from 601 of 2,190 residents surveyed and covered perceived reasons for school consolidation; impacts on community social infrastructure, retail trade, and quality of life; consequences for students; and ease of transition. In the past 10 years, participation in community organizations increased in host (receiving) communities and declined in vacated (school-closing) communities, while retail trade and number of businesses declined in both types of communities. Quality of life scores did not differ by type of community before consolidation, declined in both types after consolidation, and were considerably lower in vacated communities than in host communities after consolidation. Both groups felt that students were better off academically and socially after consolidation, and that having public meetings was the most important factor in easing the process of consolidation. (Contains 19 references and many data tables and figures. Appendices contain enrollment and employment data for North Dakota, interview questions, and the survey questionnaire.) (SV)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Cooperative State Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: North Dakota State Univ., Fargo. North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station.
Identifiers - Location: North Dakota