ERIC Number: ED423098
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Post-Secondary Education for Indigenous Populations.
Alcorn, William; Levin, Benjamin
Indigenous populations throughout the world have been deprived of opportunities for advanced education, thus limiting their ability to participate fully in their societies. For 25 years, "Access programs" in Manitoba (Canada) have promoted high postsecondary success rates among people, largely from indigenous populations, with poor histories of educational success. Each Access program provides education for a selected group of previously excluded learners, leading to a specific diploma or degree granted by a Manitoba university or community college. Access programs go beyond equality of access to provide "equality of condition" through student support services. Principles and practices that have proven effective in maintaining success rates are described for the areas of student recruitment, the selection process, integration of student supports, financial support, academic support and remediation, and personal supports. Despite evaluations confirming the effectiveness of the programs, federal and provincial funding has declined considerably since the late 1980s. In addition to a graduation rate of 40 percent (compared to 5 percent for Aboriginal students nationwide), Access programs have contributed to Aboriginal community development and the transition of Aboriginal students to graduate programs. Recent developments in Aboriginal higher education include cooperative arrangements with First Nations, development of culturally relevant training programs to meet specific needs, and recognition of university degree credit for completion of certificate programs. (Contains 17 references and a list of Access programs.) (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada