ERIC Number: ED423088
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
The Emergence of the Common School in the U.S. Countryside. Mellen Studies in Education, Volume 36.
Parkerson, Donald H.; Parkerson, Jo Ann
This book uses agricultural production statistics, school records, and records on births and families to provide a new interpretation of how agriculture's development in a market economy impacted the formation of elementary education during the 19th century. It provides background on the competing purposes underlying compulsory state-supported education, including nationalism, religion, capitalism, work discipline, and labor. Chapter 1 documents primary school attendance in the northern United States during the middle 19th century and the factors contributing to its growth. Chapter 2 reviews the rural perspective on the common school and how the common school was shaped by businessmen, artisans, farmers, and religious and democratic traditions. Chapter 3 focuses on the role that farmers played in "classless" rural education by defining four classes of farmers, with special emphasis on the commercial farmer. Chapter 4 reviews the growth of a market economy and its influence on education, with emphasis on the work and teaching methods of John Lancaster. Chapter 5 explores the "riddle of republicanism" and curricular emphases on God and religion, civic virtues, and love of country. Chapter 6 provides individual and community analyses of the decline in rural fertility. Chapter 7 discusses the curriculum of the home and the widespread belief in the importance of the mother's educational role. Chapter 8 sums up the reasons for the growth of the common school in America. (Contains notes, illustrations, an appendix explaining quantitative data used, and a bibliography.) (SAS)
Descriptors: Agriculture, Child Rearing, Educational History, Educational Sociology, Elementary Education, Farmers, Free Enterprise System, Parent School Relationship, Public Education, Rural Economics, Rural Education, Rural Women, Values
The Edwin Mellen Press, Box 450, Lewiston, NY 14092-0450 ($79.95).
Publication Type: Books; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A