ERIC Number: ED423018
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Young Children Focus on Recall Level, Not Strategy Use, in Judging Memory Performance.
Justice, Elaine M.; England, Kelli J.; Klein, Ginger A.; Averette, Christina M.
This study examined 4- and 6-year-old children's understanding of the causal relation between the use of a rehearsal strategy and increased recall. In Session 1, children were given two study-recall trials and, on the second trial, were asked to describe their study behavior. In Session 2, children viewed videotaped models and made judgments concerning "how good" the model was at remembering, and "how hard" the model tried to remember. For Session 1 there were age differences in recall but not in overt labeling. In Session 2, children made both outcome and effort judgments based on the recall level of the model. Models who remembered more were judged to be both better at remembering and trying harder, regardless of strategy use. These data contrast with earlier findings of a developmental increase in awareness of the role of strategy use. It is hypothesized that sampling differences may have contributed to these differing findings. (JPB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A