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ERIC Number: ED422854
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Transcript Analysis of Computer-Mediated Conferences as a Tool for Testing Constructivist and Social-Constructivist Learning Theories.
Gunawardena, Charlotte N.; Lowe, Constance A.; Anderson, Terry
This paper reviews the authors' attempts to find appropriate interaction analysis/content analysis techniques to assist in examining the negotiation of meaning and co-construction of knowledge in collaborative learning environments facilitated by computer conferencing. This study was undertaken in order to find appropriate interaction analysis techniques to address the following two evaluation research questions: whether analysis of the computer conference transcript yields evidence that knowledge was constructed within the group by means of the exchanges among participants; and whether individual participants change their understanding or create new personal constructions of knowledge as a result of interactions within the group. The new interaction analysis model was developed using a grounded theory building approach which involved analysis of the interactions that occurred in a global online debate conducted through computer conferencing. The following five phases and related operations of the interaction analysis model are outlined: (1) sharing/comparing of information; (2) discovery and exploration of dissonance or inconsistency among ideas, concepts, or statements; (3) negotiation of meaning/co-construction of knowledge; (4) testing and modification of proposed synthesis or co-construction; (5) and agreement statement(s)/applications of newly-constructed meaning. (AEF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A