ERIC Number: ED422821
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Influence of Gender Structures on Perceptions of Workplace Culture and Climate. AIR 1998 Annual Forum Paper.
Arnold, Gertrude L.; Peterson, Marvin W.
This study applied feminist organizational theory to explore the effects of gender structure on perceptions of organizational culture and climate. The study used data from a 1994 survey of permanent, noninstructional staff at a major midwestern university (n=4,800). The research sought to determine: (1) whether gender-dominated organizational sectors exist in the noninstructional work setting of a university; (2) how employee gender relates to perceptions of organizational work culture and climate; (3) how gender dominance in job type relates to perceptions of organizational work culture; and (4) how employee gender, gender dominance in work sector, and perceptions of organizational culture relate to perceptions of work climate. The conceptual framework for the study included feminist views of organizational theory, literature on organizational culture and climate, and issues of gender in higher education. The data revealed distinctive gender distributions among job types, supporting the feminist description of a gendered organization, with women segregated into particular job types and academic disciplines. It also appeared that employees in job types dominated by women tended to view their work culture as one which emphasized relationships, shared values, and group loyalty, rather than as an entrepreneurial-style adhocracy. Most respondents rated their work environment favorably. (Contains 25 references.) (CH)
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Civil Rights, Diversity (Institutional), Employed Women, Feminism, Gender Issues, Higher Education, Institutional Environment, Job Satisfaction, Nonprofessional Personnel, Organizational Climate, Quality of Working Life, Sex Bias, Sex Discrimination, Sex Fairness, Sex Stereotypes, Universities, Work Environment
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A