ERIC Number: ED422795
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Higher Education in Egypt. Policy Research Working Papers Series. Education and Employment.
This analytical report on higher education in Egypt argues that Egypt's policy must take account of the realities of declining government budgets and employment and the need to rely increasingly on the private sector, which must become more competitive internationally. Previous policy, which expanded higher education rapidly (despite a persistently high rate of illiteracy) and guaranteed jobs to university graduates, resulted in over-enrollment and poor educational quality. Currently, the government's strategy is to stabilize the number of university students and raise the quality of instruction, expand the role of two- and four-year technical institutes, increase the use of pedagogical materials in instruction, and promote innovative interdisciplinary programs that stress problem solving and applied work. Following an executive summary, the report is put in context by reviewing Egypt's development strategy in the 1990s. The following sections cover the history of higher education in Egypt; and higher education performance and the determinants of performance (including quantity, quality, internal and external efficiency, and equity). A concluding section examines current responses and reforms of the government, employers, students, and universities. A statistical annex provides data tables. (Contains 18 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Egypt