ERIC Number: ED422771
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-May
Reference Count: N/A
Part-Time, Adjunct, and Temporary Faculty: The New Majority? Report of the Sloan Conference on Part-Time and Adjunct Faculty (Arlington, VA, December 2-3, 1997).
Leslie, David W.
This report examines the changes, and the potential consequences of those changes, in the employment patterns of American academics, focusing specifically on the use of short-term and temporary instructors by postsecondary institutions. Following a brief introduction, the report describes shifts in hiring patterns of postsecondary institutions, noting that 41.6 percent of all faculty at such institutions are now part-time. The next section details the differences between part- and full-time faculty, using economic and demographic data from the 1993 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty. The causes of the dramatic increase in part-time faculty are examined, and it is suggested that the expansion of community college programs has been the main contributing factor--although no one single factor explains the shift. The effects that the increased reliance on part-time instruction have had on the quality of education is described in the subsequent section, followed by a discussion of the attitudes of part-time faculty toward their work. The final sections of the report examine how the shift to part-time instructors has created changes in the nature of the academic profession that may be impacting the integrity of academic institutions. A list of Sloan Conference participants is appended. (Contains 16 references.) (MAB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Survey of Postsecondary Faculty