ERIC Number: ED422767
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Jun-8
Reference Count: N/A
Alternative Options in State-University Relationships in a Regional Setting: The Case of Canada.
Farquhar, Robin H.
This document highlights the special challenges that Canada's higher education system faces due to its organizational structure that is, the relationship between the federal government and the provincial governments. Virtually all Canadian universities are publicly supported, but because the constitution clearly assigns responsibility for education to the provinces, postsecondary institutions operate under the authority of their respective provincial ministers of education. The federal government plays a modest role in certain areas: it is the main source of support for university research; it operates the country's major program of direct student assistance; and it manages the education of "wards" of the federal state, such as aboriginal peoples, prison inmates, and the military. Generally, neither the federal nor provincial governments intervene in the operation of universities, which are permitted to function as independent, self-governing corporations as long as they do so in a responsible, accountable, and effective manner. However, such a system creates special problems: There is costly duplication among the provinces in their development and implementation of educational programs; there are inconsistencies in educational content, structures and standards between provinces; and there is confusion about what the Canadian educational "system" is and about where accountability lies for such functions as international education. (CH)
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, College Administration, Educational Finance, Foreign Countries, Full State Funding, Government Role, Government School Relationship, Higher Education, Institutional Autonomy, Public Education, State Departments of Education, State Government, State Regulation
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada