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ERIC Number: ED422536
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Jun
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Initiation into Alcohol Use in East and West German Adolescents.
Pinquart, Martin; Masche, J. Gowert
This paper investigates the patterning and positioning effects in the onset of drinking in East and West German adolescents and young adults. Differences between the timing of first drinking (positioning effects) and differences in influences on the timing of initiation (patterning effects) are studied. Four reasons for studying the age of onset of drinking are given: low frequency of problem use, risk factor of later misuse, risk factor of later legal and illegal drugs, and cohort effects. Risk factors related to age at onset of drinking and previous findings are reviewed. Cultural differences between East and West Germans that influence the early onset of alcohol use are discussed, and gender differences are investigated. Two samples of 13 to 29 year olds were gathered in both East and West Germany, one in 1991 (N=3,824) and the other in 1996 (N=3,086). A Cox Regression analysis (hazard model) was used in analysis of positioning effects (i.e., the transition from no experiences of drinking to the first whole drink). The investigation of timing or patterning effects utilized measures of parental variables, peer variables, and pubertal timing. Differences between East and West German samples are presented in five tables and two figures and discussed. Correlation of the age of onset with reported frequency of use is presented. Interaction effects and possible differences between the 1991 and 1996 samples are explored. (Contains 29 references.) (EMK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany