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ERIC Number: ED422535
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-May
Pages: 42
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
C.R. Snyder's Research on Self-Handicapping, Excusing, and Hope: Overview and Therapeutic Applications.
Bird, Beverly S.
Persons with low hope are characterized as having an external locus of control that is concerned with protecting an uncertain sense of self-esteem. Strategies are employed to limit negative attributions made by self and others when self-esteem is threatened. Those with high hope, on the other hand, have an internal locus of control, see themselves as being able to generate plans to meet goals, and to accept responsibility for their actions and consequences. Literature reviewed focuses on five areas: (1) defining self-handicapping and excuse-making and how they relate to hope, (2) defining hope and characteristics which lead to a higher sense of hope, (3) measuring hope, (4) application to clinical populations, and (5) psychodynamic application. Anxiety, hypochondriasis, shyness and traumatic life events are discussed as aspects of self-handicapping. Self-image enhancement and excuse-making strategies are related to locus of control. Snyder's Hope Theory and the Hope Scale are reviewed. As strategies to protect or enhance an uncertain sense of self-esteem, self-handicapping and excusing have diminishing returns over time. Limiting culpability through distancing tends to limit growth in responsibility. Snyder's model offers the client improvement in self-esteem through goal-directed mastery. (Contains 36 references.) (EMK)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A