ERIC Number: ED422532
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-May
Reference Count: N/A
Achieving Masculinity: A Review of the Literature on Male Gender Identity Development.
Puls, Daniel W.
Distinctions between males and females arise as a result of a complex developmental process involving biological, psychological, and sociological forces. Much research on male gender identity development has spurred from the increased interest in the etiology of homosexuality over the last two decades. Political, religious, and moral issues often fuel the interest in certain kinds of research, and the same is true in the research on male gender identity development because of the relationship between gender identity and sexual orientation. Biological forces have been cited as the major impetus for homosexuality as well as many other personality constructs by popular science and the media. As a result, the sociological and environmental forces, as well as individual psychological differences, tend to be overlooked. A gestalt approach is needed. The body of literature supports a bio-psycho-social interaction, which seems to appropriately demonstrate the complex nature of gender identity and its development. Finally, one could suggest that a spiritual aspect be included in the concept of gender; the differences between men and women should be celebrated. (Contains 65 references.) (EMK)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Doctoral research paper, Biola University.