ERIC Number: ED422518
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
Certificates, Skills and Job Markets in Europe. A Summary Report of a Comparative Study Conducted in Germany, Spain, France, Italy, Netherlands, United Kingdom. CEDEFOP Document.
European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Thessaloniki (Greece).
The economics and sociology of the relationship between training and employment in Europe were examined through a comparative study conducted in six countries: Germany, Spain, France, Italy, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. In each country, teams of researchers used a standardized methodology to collect the data needed to estimate (over a period of approximately 10 years) the structure of occupational skills triggered by the following: the rise in the level of education of successive generations (supply model); the variation in the strength of the occupational work force (demand model); and the two effects simultaneously (simultaneous effects model). The three models were used to establish a common "occupations, age, and certification" job market database for the six countries. Analysis of the database established that, even outside regulated occupations, there is a preferential deployment of certain certificates in certain occupations. The internal certification structures within occupations were themselves closely correlated to the age of the work force. In all six countries, the continuing rise in the level of education was spread over all occupations in proportion to initial skill structures. (The report contains 25 references. Appended are information on the study methodology and 10 figures and tables.) (MN)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Education Work Relationship, Educational Supply, Foreign Countries, Human Capital, Job Skills, Labor Market, Personnel Selection, Student Certification, Tables (Data)
Bernan Associates, 4611-F Assembly Drive, Lanham, MD 20706-4391; toll-free phone: 800/274-4447; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; World Wide Web: http://www.bernan.com (catalogue no. HX-13-98-653-EN-C: 6 European Currency Units).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Thessaloniki (Greece).