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ERIC Number: ED422509
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Jul
Pages: 67
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-92-828-4388-2
Output-Related Funding in Vocational Education and Training. A Discussion Paper and Case Studies.
Felstead, Alan
The benefits of and issues associated with output-related funding (ORF) were assessed by examining the use of ORF in vocational education and training (VET) in the European Union and the United States. Data were gathered in the following ways: several online bibliographic searches; consultation with 54 experts, including VET researchers, national policymakers, and lobbyists; CEDEFOP requests for information from organizations and individuals; and traditional library searches. ORF was defined as basing funding on outputs produced, which are generally measured in terms of the achievement of qualifications for school-based training and/or job attainment. The emphasis given to ORF in the VET programs examined ranged from 75% (the United Kingdom's Training for Work program) to 5% (Job Training Partnership Act programs). ORF was determined to offer the following benefits: gives training providers more flexibility in the type of provision offered; enhances improvements in performance; increases value for money by providing incentive to fulfill certain achievements and discouraging "time-serving" in training, which does not lead to outcomes; and simplifies administration and clarifies audit requirements. ORF's success in achieving efficiency, reducing administrative costs, and enhancing accountability could not be determined unequivocally because it was rarely used as the sole instrument of performance management. (57 references) (MN)
European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, PO Box 27, Finikas, GR-55102 Thessaloniki, Greece; e-mail:; web address: (catalogue no. HX-16-98-837-EN-C: free).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Thessaloniki (Greece).
Identifiers - Location: European Union; United Kingdom; United States