ERIC Number: ED422475
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Work and Opportunity in the Post-Industrial Labor Market: Summary of Findings. IEE Working Paper No. 6.
Bernhardt, Annette; Morris, Martina; Handcock, Mark; Scott, Marc
A study was conducted to determine the long-term consequences of restructuring on the nature of work and mobility in the United States. The study compared the first 16 years of work experience for two cohorts of young white men from the National Longitudinal Surveys: the original cohort, followed from 1996-1981, and the recent cohort, followed from 1979-1994. Some of the findings are as follows: (1) in recent years, young workers' transition to the labor market has become more volatile and is also taking longer; (2) job instability has increased for young workers during the 1980s and early 1990s; (3) as a result of this higher job instability, youth in recent years have worked for more employers and have shorter tenures with one employers; (4) the recent cohort has failed to capture the all-important wage gains from early job searching, and the gains have become more unequal; and (5) wages are declining and wage mobility is more unequal. The study concluded that, on average, about two-thirds of job changes and wage growth occur during the first decade of labor market experience. Without a dramatic shift in the economy, therefore, the recent cohort can expect lower and more unequal lifetime wage growth than their predecessors. (Contains 20 references) (KC)
Descriptors: Adults, Career Ladders, College Graduates, Education Work Relationship, Employment Level, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Entry Workers, Futures (of Society), High School Graduates, High Schools, Higher Education, Job Skills, Labor Market, Males, Promotion (Occupational), Socioeconomic Status, Wages, Whites, Young Adults
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Russell Sage Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Inst. on Education and the Economy.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Survey of Labor Market Experience for Youth; National Longitudinal Survey of Youth