ERIC Number: ED422470
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
Comparisons of Vocational Education and Training Systems: Results of the Intequal Project.
Kirsch, Jean-Louis; Manning, Sabine
Training & Employment, n31 Spr 1998
The Intequal project examined approaches to vocational education and training (VET) in seven European countries. Intequal is an acronym for the French phrase "integrer les qualifications." The study focused on the following: functioning of integrated qualifications in the context of the educational system and the social and economic framework of the countries in question; educational issues implied in the schemes of integrated qualification in relation to the learning process, validation of competencies, and individual guidance; and transfer of qualitative innovation into mainstream VET and across national systems through pilot projects under the Leonardo program. Three types of recent transformations of VET were identified: schemes related to integrated systems of general and vocational qualification that fall under overall legislation on education; schemes operating within a more diversified system of courses and institutions under the authority of various educational and professional bodies; and schemes based on the dual system of vocational education and qualifying for the vocational stream of higher education. It was concluded that, although the prospect of transferable solutions adopted from one country to another does not appear to make sense at present, three forms of mutual enrichment are worth considering: exploring the possibility of modeling, identifying common questions, and taking into account the phase of application where innovation occurs. (MN)
Descriptors: Articulation (Education), Comparative Analysis, Education Work Relationship, Educational Change, Educational Practices, Feasibility Studies, Foreign Countries, Innovation, Integrated Curriculum, International Educational Exchange, Postsecondary Education, Program Improvement, Secondary Education, Systems Approach, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur les Qualifications, Marseilles (France).