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ERIC Number: ED422443
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Unscrambling the Semantics of Canadian Multiculturalism.
Majhanovich, Suzanne
This paper explores the evolution of multiculturalism in the Canadian context. Some opponents of multiculturalism in Canada detect in the ideology an undermining of a unique Canadian identity in favor of hyphenated Canadians, while proponents see the hyphenation as adding richness and color to the Canadian character. This controversy is nothing new. In Canada, as in the Untied States, citizens have been struggling with the issue of reconciling diversity into national identity. The United States and Canada have dealt with cultural and ethnic diversity in two different ways, with the "melting pot" the goal for U.S. society, and the "mosaic" the goal for Canadian. The multicultural reality of Canada is enshrined in the Charter of Rights enacted in 1982 as an official policy for the Federal government. However, much of the work to promote multiculturalism falls into the purview of education, a responsibility of the provinces, and each has been free to commit to the policy in the way that it sees fit. Five provinces have endorsed the policy of multiculturalism, but Quebec has pursued a different approach by promoting intercultural education, looking toward a pluralistic outlook within a Francophone society. A national study, "Multicultural Education: A Place To Start" by K. McLeod and E. Krugly-Snolska (1997) has identified four phases of multicultural education in Canada. These are characterized by emphasis on: (1) cultural reinforcement; (2) group and intergroup relations; (3) antiracism; and (4) multicultural citizenship. The last phase encompasses citizenship education, inter-group relations, human rights and equity, and combats discrimination and racism. Multicultural policy has the potential for creating divisiveness, but it has a continuing and vital role to play in the ongoing definition of cultural wisdom and practices in Canada. (Contains 11 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada