ERIC Number: ED422106
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
New Measures of Mastery Motivation for Infancy through Elementary School: Overview.
Busch-Rossnagel, Nancy A.; Morgan, George A.
Mastery motivation is an inherent force that stimulates exploration of the environment and attempts at mastering moderately challenging tasks. It is important to develop good measures of this motive because there is evidence that indicators of task orientation are predictors of later school success, and no doubt mastery motivation is a precursor of achievement motivation. This overview introduces four papers related to three independent research projects, with ethnically and geographically diverse samples: one with toddlers, one with preschools, and one with young elementary school children. Each study used an age-appropriate version of the revised Dimensions of Mastery Questionnaire, mastery tasks, and other project-related measures. This overview concludes that the results of the studies provide support for the use of these instruments to assess an important aspect of early childhood functioning, but also indicate the need for caution in use with certain ethnic groups and with young children. Five advances in mastery motivation research are then identified: (1) identification of the expressive aspect of mastery motivation; (2) manifestation of mastery motivation in multiple domains; (3) separation of motivation from competence in the assessment of mastery motivation; (4) refinement of the paper-and-pencil measure of mastery motivation; and (5) expansion of the age groups studied. (KB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A