ERIC Number: ED421968
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Falling through the Net II: New Data on the Digital Divide.
National Telecommunications and Information Administration, Washington, DC.
Findings of this report indicate that, since an earlier 1994 study, the number of Americans that own computers has increased by over 50% and the number of households using e-mail has quadrupled. Nevertheless, access to the Information Superhighway is still beyond the grasp of many Americans. While the nation-wide telephone penetration rate remains at a relatively high level of 93.8%, some pockets of Americans still have no telephone service. Whites still have a far higher telephone penetration rate (95.9%) than Blacks (86.0%) and Hispanics (86.5%). There are even more disparities in computer ownership and access to online services. Although more Americans now own computers than before, households earning more than $75,000 are approximately seven times as likely to own a computer as those earning between $5,000 and $10,000. White households are still more than twice as likely (40.8%) to own a computer than Black households (19.3%) or Hispanic households (19.4%). These gaps in ownership levels are greater than they were three years ago. Findings underscore the importance of such programs as NTIA's Telecommunications and Information Infrastructure Assistance Program and the E-Rate (a program that will allow schools and libraries to establish Internet connections at discounted rates). Twenty-four charts illustrate statistics. (AEF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Telecommunications and Information Administration, Washington, DC.