ERIC Number: ED421930
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
A Social Norms Approach to Preventing Binge Drinking at Colleges and Universities.
Haines, Michael P.
This document describes an effort to change perceptions of social norms and examines the effect of this change on binge drinking and alcohol-related problems at Northern Illinois University (NIU). The first section of the report discusses the historical and theoretical basis for this approach to prevention. The next section describes a campus-based mass media campaign designed to change student perceptions of drinking norms implemented by NIU after the failure of a more traditional alcohol abuse prevention program. The document describes in detail the methods used for this program. Sample media messages are provided, along with a discussion of the effects of student focus groups and research on the cost effectiveness of mass media programs. The report also addresses applications of the approach to different campus settings, including commuter schools, schools without newspapers, and small-enrollment colleges. Suggestions for applying the model to women, athletes, fraternity and sorority members, and ethnic minorities are also offered. During the course of the campaign, NIU students reported reduced binge drinking for each of six years measured for this report, as well as fewer alcohol-related injuries to self and fewer injuries to others. Appendices include an annual budget for the program and copies of survey instruments. (Contains 19 references.) (MAB)
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Alcohol Education, College Environment, College Students, Drinking, Higher Education, Mass Media Effects, Mass Media Role, Mass Media Use, School Newspapers, School Role, Student Attitudes, Student Behavior, Student Reaction, Student Welfare, Surveys
Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention, Education Development Center, Inc., 55 Chapel Street, Newton, MA 02158-1060; phone: 800-676-1730; e-mail: HigherEdCtr@edc.org; World Wide Web: http://www.edc.org/hec/
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention, Newton, MA.