ERIC Number: ED421898
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Adult ESL Learners with Special Needs: Learning from the Australian Perspective. ERIC Q & A.
Allender, Susan Chou
A discussion of adult learners of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) with special needs draws on what has been learned in an Australian program of adult immigrant ESL education and acculturation. It summarizes research undertaken within this program to identify groups of adult learners with special needs and the learning barriers that face them, gives examples of curriculum strategies, classroom practices, and policy initiatives developed to overcome these barriers and improve the effectiveness of learning, and identifies issues still to be resolved. Learner characteristics found to affect the pace and success of formal language learning include these: lack of or limited formal education; no experience of formal learning as adults; disrupted education due to war or other political crisis; first-language functional illiteracy; background in non-roman script language; old age; trauma; and significantly different cultural backgrounds and educational perspectives. Curriculum strategies, classroom practices, program design elements, and policy initiatives to address each of these circumstances are outlined. Issues remaining to be resolved include: measuring instructional effectiveness over time; providing for lifelong learning; providing alternative sin employment; and creating a new paradigm supporting productive diversity. (Contains 29 references.) (MSE) (Adjunct ERIC Clearinghouse on Literacy Education)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Classroom Techniques, Curriculum Design, Educational Background, Educational Needs, Educational Strategies, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, Illiteracy, Immigrants, Land Settlement, Literacy Education, Older Adults, Program Design, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Student Characteristics, Student Needs
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Clearinghouse for ESL Literacy Education, Washington, DC.; Adjunct ERIC Clearinghouse for ESL Literacy Education, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Australia