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ERIC Number: ED421884
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-May
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Non-Exact Quantification in Slide Presentations of Medical Research.
Howard, Ron
Edinburgh Working Papers in Applied Linguistics, n9 p1-16 1998
This study examined the way medical clinicians speak about numbers in orally presenting the results of research. Presentations by a sample of eight physicians and surgeons were selected and the manner in which numerical data on the slides were referred to was analyzed. Overall in the sample, it was four times more common to speak about data on slides in one of several non-exact ways than to mention them exactly. Non-exact reference appears to have several different functions in these presentations, notably to highlight significant data for the audience. It is suggested that it is also used to convert evidential truth into interpreted truth. The former function is probably more common in the presentation of original research, and the latter in overview-type presentations. In this sample, younger doctors used more unsignalled approximation than their older peers, who in turn used more non-numeric reference (e.g., quantifiers such as "a large number"). To some extent, these differences reflect the type of presentation given, but they may also be associated with the experience of the speaker. Contains 15 references. (Author/MSE)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A