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ERIC Number: ED421882
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Jul
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Translation Model Decision Differences between Expert (Native or Near-Native) Target Language Speakers and Non-Expert (Non-Native or Second) Target Language Speakers.
Eckert, Doug
A study of the translation process compared the decisions that native speakers (experts) and non-native speakers (non-experts) made that influenced resulting translations. Subjects were 40 students, graduate students, and faculty in a university foreign language department. English language proficiency was measured for native speakers by using the ACTFL Language Proficiency Guidelines, and for non-native speakers using the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). Student and faculty participants received a guide to 12 graphic organizers for thought processing and a page of semantic units in technical contexts to translate, and were asked to use the graphic organizers to create flowcharts of their translation decision-making processes. Analysis of the charts showed a significant differences in the processes used for translation at different proficiency levels, and that translation processes are generalizable to at least two expertise levels, expert and non-expert. Implications for development of machine translation techniques and for further research are discussed briefly. Contains 13 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Test of English as a Foreign Language