ERIC Number: ED421880
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
From Rhetoric to Reality: Applying the Communication Standards to the Classroom.
Gifford, Charlotte E.; Mullaney, Jeanne P.
A discussion of the "Standards for Foreign Language Learning" set by the language teaching profession in 1996 focuses on how the standards for communication skill are to be implemented in the second language classroom. Three different approaches designed to help learners reach the goals outlined in the standards document are presented: the Learning Pyramid, which illustrates the average retention rate for different teaching methods; J. Lee and B. VanPatten's input processing approach, based on the natural approach, which emphasizes the need for comprehensible input; and Lev Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development, particularly the Zone of Proximal Development. Sample class activities incorporating these approaches and using the topic of the family are described. They include several activities providing comprehensible input, several processing instruction exercises, experiences capitalizing on the social nature of humans while creating meaningful contexts for language practice, and activities featuring creative repetition. Suggestions are also offered on error correction and on the translation of the Standards' goals to an applicable set of tools for the classroom. Contains 16 references. (MSE)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Class Activities, Classroom Techniques, Cognitive Development, Communication Skills, Communicative Competence (Languages), Educational Strategies, Elementary Secondary Education, Error Correction, Learning Theories, National Standards, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Second Languages
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A