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ERIC Number: ED421715
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Rhetorical Inventions and Cultural Diversity--A Historical Approach: Aristotle and Confucius.
Wang, Haixia
While Aristotle treats the nature of rhetoric as philosophical, political/practical, and artistic/technical, Confucius views language use as philosophical and political/practical but not as artistic/technical, with the result that Confucius does not seem to offer as much as Aristotle does. In their essay "Refiguring Rhetoric as an Art: Aristotle's Concept of 'Techne'" Janet Atwill and Janice Lauer argue that rhetoric should be viewed as a triadic domain instead of a dichotomous one. To Aristotle rhetoric is a theoretical, practical, and productive discipline of study. In "Analects," a collection of Confucius' teaching recorded by his students, Confucius' concept of language use, or his rhetoric, has an important theoretical/practical dimension with some possibility of a productive component. In ancient Chinese thinking, Heaven does not necessarily or completely exist prior to the human realm but is created as the human realm is created, so that for Confucius the separation of a philosophical component and a practical component cannot exist, for Heaven and man depend on each other to make the Way/the Tao. In cross-cultural studies, presumed "deficiencies" in rhetoric deserve scrutiny because it is difficult for a person to escape the limitations of his or her conceptual framework and underlying assumptions. More studies need to be done on cultural differences, for example, on ideas that the West has and the Chinese do not, so that a dialog between the similarities and differences can yield more understanding. (Contains 15 references and three illustrations.) (NKA)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A