ERIC Number: ED421685
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Oct-4
Reference Count: N/A
Learning Information Systems: Theoretical Foundations.
Paul, Terrance D.
This paper uses the conceptual framework of cybernetics to understand why learning information systems such as the "Accelerated Reader" work so successfully, and to examine how this simple yet incisive concept can be used to accelerate learning at every level and in all disciplines. The first section, "Basic Concepts," discusses the cybernetic analytical framework; feedback, time series, memory, and forgetting; and information theory. The second section of the paper, "Issues in Applying Cybernetics to Human Systems and Education," addresses translating feedback control terminology to common terminology; positive alignment of human purposes; importance of information and measurement in human systems; characteristics of "good" measurement; the role of technology; a cybernetic framework for enhancing motivation; and hostility toward objective measurement. The third section, "A Cybernetic Analysis of Three Systems," discusses economic systems, games and sports, and the Accelerated Reader program. The paper concludes that a cybernetic understanding of human systems in general, and specifically of educational systems, can provide important insights that hold out the possibility of improvement. (RS)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cybernetics, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, Feedback, Information Theory, Reading Improvement, Reading Programs, Systems Approach
Advantage Learning Systems, Inc., P.O. Box 8036, Wisconsin Rapids, WI 54495-8036 (free to educators).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Institute for Academic Excellence, Inc. Madison, WI.