ERIC Number: ED421573
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Does It Matter Where Poor Kids Live? A Look at Concentrated Poverty and Achievement.
Schellenberg, Stephen J.
This study sought to separate the effect of concentrated poverty on students' academic achievement and to develop a simple method for demonstrating that effect. The study was conducted in a midwestern urban school district with characteristics particularly suitable for answering these questions. It used two years worth of data on elementary school students in the district and concentrated on two outcome variables, standardized test scores and absenteeism. In both years, the district had more than 20,000 students, of whom about 55% were eligible for free lunch. Neighborhoods were classified into five broad economic bands according to the percentage of students living there who received free or reduced price lunch. When compared to students at the same economic level (free lunch, reduced-price lunch, no subsidy), students from the more affluent neighborhoods had consistently higher test scores and lower absenteeism than those from poorer areas of the city. The paper concludes with a discussion of some implications for public policy and directions for future research. (Contains 6 tables, 2 figures, and 14 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Diego, CA, April 13-17, 1998).