ERIC Number: ED421470
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
Peer Evaluation of Teaching: Claims vs. Research.
Burns, Candace W.
This article examines evidence supporting the validity of peer evaluations of teaching, focusing on relationships between peer evaluations and student evaluations of teaching. The article discusses conditions in which peer and student ratings are comparable, beginning with studies that K. A. Feldman included in his 1989 meta-analysis and concluding with studies post-dating Feldman's analysis, which include expanded evaluations of teaching. In particular, the article notes that as the specificity of information that peers receive about faculty members' teaching increases, agreement with student ratings decline. Conversely, peer ratings based on general, impressionistic information tend to agree with student ratings. Though there is some evidence of the potential for peers to aid in teacher evaluation, the evidence for peers' effectiveness in broadened evaluative roles is scant and inconsistent. Given mixed and sometimes weak evidence for the validity of peer ratings, the article calls for caution regarding roles that peers should assume in evaluating teaching. (Contains 25 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A