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ERIC Number: ED421344
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Apr-16
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A Cross-National Comparison of Fourth-Grade Mathematics Instruction in the United States and China.
Sanders, Barbara Jean; Parkay, Forrest W.; Shen, Jiliang; Xin, Tao
The superiority of Asian students in cross-cultural comparisons of mathematical achievement has been well documented. U.S.-Chinese comparative studies have investigated a variety of factors related to student achievement in mathematics including societal and cultural influences, and student and school characteristics. This study investigates the similarities and differences between Chinese and American teachers in three areas: 1) sense of personal efficacy in teaching mathematics; 2) perceived ability to improve mathematics instruction; and 3) perspective on the relationship between lesson preparation and delivery and student mathematical understanding. Fourth grade teachers were randomly selected--79 in China, 50 in the United States--to receive the survey. Smaller random samples were audio or videotaped teaching mathematics and interviewed regarding their mathematics instruction. Results indicate that many similarities exist between Chinese and U.S. teachers with regard to perceived competence, effort, and the importance of assessments and student studying of material to success in mathematics. (Contains 17 references.) (ASK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China; United States