ERIC Number: ED421242
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
Young Child Poverty in the States--Wide Variation and Significant Change. Early Childhood Poverty Research Brief 1.
Bennett, Neil G.; Li, Jiali
With the passage of federal welfare reform in 1996, accountability for the well-being of low-income families has shifted substantially from the federal government to the states, making it increasingly important to assess the economic well-being of children at the state level. This research brief examines the differences in poverty rates for children under age 6 among the 50 states and the changes that have taken place between 1979-1983 and 1992-1996. The brief provides baseline information on state young child poverty rates to help establish a context in which individual state child poverty trends can be better understood. Findings show considerable variation among the states' young child poverty rates; ten states have experienced significant changes in these rates since the period 1979-1983. Changes in three demographic factors--parental employment, family structure, and employment patterns, and parental education --explained a notable proportion of the changes in state young child poverty. (JPB)
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Child Welfare, Economically Disadvantaged, Government Role, Low Income Groups, Poverty, State Programs, Trend Analysis, Welfare Agencies, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services, Young Children
National Center for Children in Poverty, Columbia School of Public Health, 154 Haven Avenue, New York, NY 10032; phone: 212-304-7100; fax: 212-544-4200, 212-544-4201; e-mail: email@example.com (Full publication, $5; make checks payable to Columbia University).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Children in Poverty, New York, NY.
Note: This document summarizes Early Childhood Poverty Research Brief 1: "Young Child Poverty in the States: Wide Variation and Significant Change."