ERIC Number: ED421233
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
The Effects of School Entry Age and Gender on Reading and Math Achievement Scores of Second Grade Students.
Parents in affluent communities have been following the suggestion of research and delaying kindergarten entry of their young age-eligible children in order to increase the likelihood of the child's academic success. This study examined the correlation between the chronological age of a child entering kindergarten and his or her performance on reading and math achievement tests in second grade. Gender differences in math and reading performance in second grade were also examined. The subject pool of 24 students was divided into three groups: the younger entrants were between the ages of 4 years 7 months to 4 years 11 months; the medial entrants, ages 5 years to 5 years 4 months; and late entrants, ages between 5 years 5 months to 5 years 7 months. Findings indicated a low or negligible correlation between kindergarten age entry and academic achievement. The younger group did not perform as well as the others in reading, but surpassed the others in math. Girls surpassed boys in both areas. Based on the findings, recommendations were made for informing school personnel about the variable abilities of children in determining age of placement. (JPB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A