ERIC Number: ED421231
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Foster Care Dynamics 1983-1994: An Update from the Multistate Foster Care Data Archive.
Wulczyn, Fred H.; Harden, Allen W.; Goerge, Robert M.
The Foster Care Data Archive is a database containing foster care career histories for all children placed in state-supervised substitute-care living arrangements in California, Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, New York, and Texas. This update report examines trends in agency caseloads, characteristics of entrants, and duration in care. Part 1 provides a profile of the Multistate Foster Care Data Archive. Part 2 details foster care caseloads, including census figures and caseload change by year. Part 3 describes entry patterns and characteristics of new entrants. Part 4 discusses the duration of spell in foster care. Part 5 presents information on exits from foster care spells. Part 6 covers reentry to substitute care. Findings indicate that the six states demonstrate very different levels of foster care activity. The prevailing trend has been of significant growth in the number of children receiving state-supported care. Infants and young children are the fastest growing age groups in foster care. Much of the recent growth in foster care has been in kinship placements, which have longer duration of care and smaller reentry rates than non-relative placements. Almost two-thirds of children who leave the child welfare system are reunified with their families, with most reunifications occurring within 2 years of the child's initial removal from home. Approximately 10 to 15 percent of foster children leave care to adoption, with children entering care in infancy much more likely than others to be adopted. Over one-third of children stay in care over 30 months. (KB)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Chicago Univ., IL. Chapin Hall Center for Children.
Identifiers - Location: California; Illinois; Michigan; Missouri; New York; Texas