ERIC Number: ED421210
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Read with Me: The Use of Cultural Role Models in Children's Literature.
Couse, Leslie J.
This study examined the portrayal of the elderly within African American, Latino, and Native American cultures in picture books for children ages 3 to 8 years. Thirty books were selected from libraries and book stores and examined using guidelines from three sources: (1) "Ageism in Literature Analysis," a 15-item rating scale; (2) "Stereotypes Worksheet" from the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) Anti-Bias Curriculum; and (3) "Ten Items for Analyzing Children's Books for Sexism and Racism." The results indicated that the Ageism scores from the "Ageism in Literature Analysis" form ranged from 1.93 to 3.0 (fair to good). The NAEYC "Stereotype Worksheet" and the "Ten Items" form resulted in few biases found in the children's books. An annotated bibliography notes biases, positive portrayals, and the ageism score for each book. The screening process used by the reviewer and the need to update the NAEYC worksheet could have influenced the results. The need for more children's literature containing cultural role models for older Native and Hispanic Americans is discussed, for example the particular lack of materials depicting contemporary Native Americans. Difficulties in using the forms for picture books are discussed. (Includes the forms used to evaluate the books. Contains 9 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: American Indian Culture, Annotated Bibliographies, Black Culture, Childrens Literature, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Education, Cultural Maintenance, Cultural Relevance, Culturally Relevant Education, Emergent Literacy, Hispanic American Culture, Older Adults, Role Models, Stereotypes, Young Children
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A