ERIC Number: ED420935
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Apr-24
Identification of Giftedness in Preschoolers: Are Parents' Perceptions Related to Home Environment Factors and Cognitive Assessments?
Williams, Nina; Gonzalez, Virginia
This paper discusses the results of a study that explored the influence of two major external factors on children's potential giftedness before the identification process is initiated. The study involved 13 children (ages 4-6) and investigated parental perceptions of the influence of internal and/or external factors on their child's cognitive development, whether these parental perceptions of the children's cognitive development are predictive of five home environmental factors (socioeconomic status, time parents spend with their child, parents' work hours, parents' educational level, and number of siblings in the home), and whether these same five home environmental factors are predictive of the child's performance on two cognitive development measures. Parents' perceptions about giftedness were present before the children were identified as gifted and were influenced primarily by one home environmental factor: the level of the father's education. Other factors in the home environment also were shown to have a secondary effect on children's cognitive abilities: the mother's work hours, time parents spent with their child, and the number of siblings in the home. The results indicate both indirect and direct relationships among the physical and psychological home environment, the parental perceptions about giftedness, and the child's cognitive abilities. (CR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Diego, CA, April 13-17, 1998).