ERIC Number: ED420793
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of Individual Variability and Institutional Structure in the Timing of the School-to-Work Transition in East and West Germany.
Reitzle, Matthias; Silbereisen, Rainer K.
A study was conducted to show that economic and societal differences between the former Eastern and Western parts of Germany had produced differences in the timing of young people's school-to-work transitions. Data were collected from samples of approximately 350 participants from the West and 380 participants from the East conducted in 1991 and 1996. Participants were asked the ages at which vocational training was completed and financial support was achieved. The study found that the most common predictors of age of independence were choice of vocation and age of entry into elementary school. Choice of vocation mandated length of training, especially in the East, whereas age of entry into elementary school was consistent with length of schooling, but did not change the length of schooling across the board. Young people in the East became independent at slightly younger ages than did those in the West primarily because the avenues of vocational training were more standardized. This difference was fading in 1996, after 5 years of independence for the East. Individual variables also played a large part in students' achievement of independence, especially in the West, with things such as life-threatening accidents, family break-up, and parents' attitudes toward education influencing length of vocational training and age of entry into the work force (financial independence). (Contains 22 references.) (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany