ERIC Number: ED420750
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Jan-15
Devolution, Workforce Development and Welfare Reform.
Congress will likely soon enact work force development legislation that consolidates education and training programs, reduces federal funding, and gives states greater discretion in program and services design. It may also adopt welfare reform legislation that creates a block grant commingling cash assistance and Job Opportunities and Basic Skills funds. Contradictory themes and dynamics between the two reform efforts are evident in their approaches to work participation requirements, skill improvement, and adult education participation. Development of policy options for reform implementation must address two broad areas of decisions. First, principal structural decisions include the following: state and local roles in policy making; allocation of funds among categories of activities and services; integrated administration of related programs through a one-stop system of service delivery; delivery of services through vouchers; and privatization of programs and services. Second, choices regarding activities and services to be provided are as follows: a period of job search activities as the first step in program participation; availability of stand-alone basic education and General Educational Development programs; participation of recipients of welfare block grant assistance in vocational educational training; implementation of a voucher system for job training delivery; states' operation of subsidized employment or work experience/community service programs; and sources of income for the ineligible or those who prefer not to use their eligibility time. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adults, Economically Disadvantaged, Employment Services, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Government Role, Job Placement, Job Training, Labor Force Development, Local Government, State Government, Vocational Education, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services, Work Experience Programs
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Law and Social Policy, Washington, DC.