ERIC Number: ED420728
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Oct-26
Reference Count: N/A
Part-Time Work and the High School Student: Costs, Benefits and Future. A Review of the Literature and Research Needs.
Lawton, Stephen B.
This report assesses the literature on part-time work by high school students, describing the various types of studies that have been undertaken on this topic over the last 20 years. Most of the studies reviewed are from the United States or Canada, although a few are from the United Kingdom or Australia. Earlier studies were more likely to be concerned with the effects of part-time work on the employability of youth, but in the late 1980s analysts became more concerned with the negative effects of part-time work on students. In the United States and Canada, about two-third of high school students in the upper grades hold part-time jobs varying from a few hours to more than 30 hours a week. Studies of the effects of part-time work generally deal with academic performance, persistence in school, and other variable related to student activities that may affect their working careers. The literature review includes studies that have been used to bring about modifications of laws and regulations governing youth employment in a number of jurisdictions. The research studies reviewed suggest the following five hypotheses: (1) regulation of part-time work by students in any province in Canada is no more restrictive than the law for hours of work for employees in general; (2) if the hours of work per week are restricted for students, few students will work more than the maximum set by regulations; (3) if restrictions are set on the hours a student may work, more students will work, including students from "at-risk" groups; (4) if restrictions are placed on the number of hours a student may work each week, average marks of students will increase, but absentee and dropout rates will decrease, all other things being equal; and (5) some students, if not allowed to work longer hours, will dropout out of school or apply for part-time status. The evidence is strong enough to justify a large-scale study of these hypotheses. If the relationships among these hypotheses are verified, the Canadian economy will benefit. (Contains 1 table and 66 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Immigration Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: Ontario Inst. for Studies in Education, Toronto. Dept. of Educational Administration.
Identifiers - Location: Canada; United States