ERIC Number: ED420481
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
American Indian Supplement to the National Standards on Physical Education.
Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC. Office of Indian Education Programs.; ORBIS Associates, Washington, DC.
This supplement to the national physical education standards aims to provide teachers of American Indian students with strategies and ideas for culture-based physical education. Traditional teachings have long recognized that the "whole" person must be considered when addressing issues of health, fitness, and general well-being. Among many Plains tribes, the Medicine Wheel teaches that every human being is made up of spiritual, emotional, physical, and mental parts. Educators can help students to achieve balance among these parts by devising curricula that address the whole person. The culture-based ideas in this supplement provide examples for teachers to use in developing their own plans. A community approach is recommended for developing culture-based instruction. Section 1 provides background and activity ideas for traditional American Indian physical activities: Indian lacrosse and stickball, running, shinny (a precursor of hockey), hoop and pole, and archery. Ten other traditional physical activities are listed. Section 2 describes traditional indoor games--the ring and pin game and games of chance. Section 3 discusses academic activities related to the history and culture of American Indian sports and recreation, historic and contemporary Indian athletes, and the controversy over Indian mascots of athletic teams. Five organizations are listed as information sources. Section 4 lists resources: 15 books, journal articles, videos, and music catalogs. (SV)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Authoring Institution: Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC. Office of Indian Education Programs.; ORBIS Associates, Washington, DC.