ERIC Number: ED420451
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare to Work: Early Childhood Care and Education. SERVE Policy Brief.
Ahearn, Charles, Ed.; Chapman, Stephen, Ed.; Nalley, Donna, Ed.
This policy brief of the Southeastern Regional Vision for Education (SERVE) provides information for policymakers, educators, parents, and citizens on the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act. The brief discusses potential effects of welfare reform on children, describes research on welfare recipients and their children, gives examples of welfare reform, and suggests strategies and recommendations for welfare reform. The paper begins with a rationale for providing government assistance to families and provides a brief history of such assistance in the United States. This part describes the stipulations of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act and discusses the complementary goals of enhancing workforce development and child development. Research findings on child care and self-sufficiency, the importance of child care quality, maternal employment, effects of work conditions, and benefit levels are presented. The report next describes challenges to states, including limited number of jobs suitable for welfare recipients, lack of child care slots, and eligibility for child care assistance. Welfare reform programs in North Carolina and Florida are described and information on additional legislative activity related to welfare reform is presented. The report then presents implications of welfare reform for early childhood care and education. Emerging trends in welfare reform are discussed, including a strong work commitment, emphasis on personal responsibility, welfare avoidance, reinvestment of welfare savings in prevention activities and supports for working families, income-based support systems for child care and health care, and employer outreach, involvement, and commitment. The report concludes with recommendations for local community action and for policymakers. (Contains 22 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Children, Day Care, Day Care Effects, Early Childhood Education, Family Work Relationship, Federal Legislation, Government Role, History, Public Policy, Social Services, State Legislation, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
SERVE, 1203 Governors Square Blvd., Ste. 400, Tallahassee, FL 32301.
Publication Type: Collected Works - General; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Southeastern Regional Vision for Education (SERVE), Tallahassee, FL.
Identifiers - Location: Florida; North Carolina
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act