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ERIC Number: ED420369
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Sep
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Pyramid Project.
van Kuyk, Jef J.
This paper describes the Netherlands' Pyramid Project, a classroom-based early intervention program which integrates nursery school and primary school organization and content for 3- to 6-year-olds who need special support, such as ethnic or language minority (allochtone) children and children from disadvantaged situations. Section 1 of the paper presents the theoretical underpinnings of the program and its complementary teaching model as built on four basic concepts: (1) child's initiative, focusing on children's play with objects and other children; (2) teacher's initiative, including scaffolding to facilitate learning and helping children to work strategically; (3) psychological nearness, providing children with a feeling of being protected and safe through the actual or psychological presence of a sensitive and responsive teacher; and (4) psychological distance, understanding that objects can be represented by something other than the objects themselves. Section 2 outlines how the basic concepts are operationalized in the development of a total program to facilitate social-emotional, personality, creativity, motor, perceptual, language, and cognitive development and orientation in space and time; the free and focused program components; projects to ensure that all developmental areas are presented in a balanced way; observation and testing procedures; preventive and remedial tutoring; attention for allochtone children; and parent involvement. Sections 3 and 4 of the paper describe initial evaluation results, indicating that the first year of the project has been successful in terms of content and organization. (Contains 32 references.) (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Centraal Inst. voor Toetsonwikkeling, Arnhem (Netherlands).
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands