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ERIC Number: ED420360
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Development of Private Speech among Two- to Five-Year-Olds in the Naturalistic Preschool Setting.
Kirby, Kathleen Campano
In this study, preschoolers were observed in the naturalistic preschool context to determine the development of private speech over the preschool years and contextual influences on its occurrence among 3- to 5-year-olds. Thirty-nine preschoolers were observed in their preschool classroom 4 times in 10-minute segments during free choice play activities. Each observation was coded for the child's type of play, the goal of the activity, adult presence, peer involvement, private speech, and social speech. The results showed that each preschooler emitted some type of private speech over the course of the investigation and that the total amount of private speech declined linearly as age increased. This age-related decline in private speech, with the highest incidence at age 2, suggests that Vygotsky's hypothesis of a curvilinear development trend needs to be modified. Children's changing activities during free choice periods in the preschool setting may have influenced this trend. (Author/HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A