ERIC Number: ED420173
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
On the Dynamics of Casual and Careful Speech.
Hieke, A. E.
Comparative statistical data are presented on speech dynamic (as contrasted with lexical and rhetorical) aspects of major speech styles. Representative samples of story retelling, lectures, speeches, sermons, interviews, and panel discussions serve to determine posited differences between casual and careful speech. Data are drawn from 15,393 syllables of various kinds of natural speech in recorded and transcribed form. Frequency of occurrence of three prominent absorption processes, whereby strings of discrete citation forms are transformed into speech dynamic events, are charted. Such absorption phenomena are shown to facilitate ease-of-articulation adjustments and can make explicit what is ultimately perceived as fluent speech. Given appropriate environments, a comparison of potential to actual dynamic speech occurrences shows that the variable rules of speech production investigated here exhibit a consistently high actuation rate of about 75 percent across both speech styles. Implications for second language instruction to develop fluent speech strategies are discussed, particularly use of an "increments of knowledge" approach, effective with already partially competent learners, that is seen as more effective than the customary full "body of knowledge" approach. Contains 36 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A