ERIC Number: ED420150
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-May
Reference Count: N/A
Supplemental Security Income: SSA Needs a Uniform Standard for Assessing Childhood Disability. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Human Resources, Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
This report presents the Government Accounting Office's recommendations regarding standards for determining eligibility for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) based on a childhood disability. The report is based on the Social Security Administration's (SSA) monitoring of 288,000 children whose eligibility was subject to review and of 370,000 new applicants. Overall, the report finds that SSA has made considerable progress in implementing the welfare reform changes in eligibility for SSI children. However, because SSA's medical listings reflect multiple levels of severity, SSA needs to expedite the updating and modification of its medical listings to ensure that all children are assessed against a uniform severity standard. SSA also needs to take concerted action to follow through on its plan for monitoring and continually improving the quality of decisions regarding children. Other findings indicate that fewer children are affected by new welfare reform restrictions than was earlier estimated, and existing regulations generally set severity standards at two marked or one severe functional limitation. A response from the SSA notes the agency's need to consult with medical experts to ensure that listings reflect state-of-the art medical practice and that the listings revision process will take several years. (DB)
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Children, Decision Making, Disabilities, Eligibility, Federal Aid, Federal Programs, Financial Support, Medical Evaluation, Severity (of Disability), Standards
United States General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 37050, Washington, DC 20548-0001; telephone: 202-512-6000; TDD: 202-512-2537; fax: 202-512-6061; World Wide Web: http://www.gao.gov (first copy free, additional copies $2).
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.