ERIC Number: ED420121
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Combating Fear and Restoring Safety in Schools. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.
Arnette, June L.; Walsleben, Marjorie C.
This bulletin examines manifestations of street violence (bullying, gangs, weapons possession and use, substance abuse, and community violence) threatening schools and describes steps that concerned citizens are taking to restore security and calm. Schoolyard bullying can be mitigated by widely publicized rules, buddy systems, parent education programs, student behavior programs, and programs such as the "No Bullying Program" and "Bully-Proofing Your School." Strategies for dealing with intimidating youth gangs include training programs, dress codes, and alternative schools. Another strategy is to implement programs such as Gang Prevention Through Targeted Outreach. Weapon usage can be prevented by passing state and local gun-free-school zones legislation, enforcing the 1994 Gun-Free Schools Act, using metal detectors, removing hall lockers, and initiating public awareness campaigns and community partnerships. Increased substance abuse can be tackled by creating drug-free zones, involving parents, and initiating drug resistance training, critical thinking curricula such as "AdSmarts," and cooperative programs such as the "Adolescent Social Action Program." To combat fear of neighborhood violence, most states have developed safe-school-zone statutes and zero-tolerance policies. Schools are forging partnerships with court and probation officials, formulating crisis prevention/intervention policies, and developing security aids and supervised travel routes. Included are 49 endnotes, an article on bullying by Susan P. Limber and Maury M. Nation, and numerous sidebars. (MLH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.