ERIC Number: ED419943
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
The Curriculum: Academic or Utilitarian?
This report presents a balanced approach to the two conventional philosophies of curriculum creation. It begins with a brief history of the debate between an academic curriculum versus a practical curriculum. Academic curriculum supporters emphasize that every pupil should experience a curriculum stressing subject matter learning and be well educated in the academics to qualify for a well-paying job. Advocates of a practical curriculum stress that all pupils need to experience what is useful and has application in society and have opportunities to apply and use what has scope and sequence of teaching content of both educational philosophies are presented. The paper suggests the following methods that will provide a balanced curriculum, where pupils experience a breadth of experiences with a vocational emphasis starting with kindergarten; elementary pupils will have opportunities to visit workplaces; middle school/junior high pupils experience units of study on careers; senior high students concentrate on particular careers; and graduates are guided in the school-to-work transition. In this model, teachers will assess pupil progress in academic areas through observation and written materials, and instructors in a utilitarian curriculum will focus on pupils using what has been learned. (YLB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A