ERIC Number: ED419862
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
Practical Approaches to Achieving Student Success in Urban Schools. Publication No. 96-2.
Gordon, Don E.; Shafer, Jesse R.
The three papers in this collection provide testimonial descriptions of the power of successfully implemented innovative procedures to advance the academic achievement of students whose life circumstances place them at risk of academic failure. In the first article, "20/20 Analysis: A Citywide Computer-Based Application," David J. Heistad and Maynard C. Reynolds present 20/20 analysis as an alternative to prevailing practices in establishing the eligibility of students for special education and related services. It is argued that a major fault with current classification systems is that, because school districts are able to draw special education funds when students are placed in special education programs, financial incentives are limited to inputs only. In contrast, 20/20 analysis is an output-oriented approach to identifying students in need of special services. In the second paper, "Effective School Responses to Student Diversity in Inner-City Schools: A Coordinated Approach," Margaret C. Wang, Jane Oates and Nancy Weishew describe the successful implementation in three inner-city schools of the Learning City Program, a school restructuring model based on meeting the needs of the diverse populations schools are increasingly serving. The last paper, "Organizing Schools into Smaller Units: Alternatives to Homogeneous Grouping," by Diana Oxley, details the efforts of two schools (one in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and one in Germany) to organize into smaller units as a means of creating more stable, intimate, and supportive contexts for teaching and learning. A key benefit to such small-unit schooling is that teachers become organized around the students themselves, instead of around parts of the curriculum. Each paper contains references. (Contains 11 figures and 6 tables.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Innovation, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, High Risk Students, House Plan, Inner City, Models, School Restructuring, Special Education, Tables (Data), Urban Schools
Electronic version: http://www.temple.edu/LSS
Publication Type: Collected Works - General; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mid-Atlantic Lab. for Student Success, Philadelphia, PA.; National Research Center on Education in the Inner Cities, Philadelphia, PA.