ERIC Number: ED419821
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Examining Transcription: A Theory-Laden Methodology.
Lapadat, Judith C.; Lindsay, Anne C.
Transcription is an integral process in the qualitative analysis of language data, and is widely employed in basic and applied research across a number of disciplines and in professional practice fields. Yet methodological and theoretical issues associated with the transcription process have received scant attention in the research literature. The extant literature on transcription is reviewed across disciplines, and an empirical study of transcription as used by practitioners and researchers in training is reported. Five pairs of female graduate students in a language development class transcribed a book reading session with a mother and a child. Findings showed that participants' transcripts differed in layout, quantity, and type of elements of the interaction they transcribed, conventions they derived to represent those elements, and the consistency with which they applied the conventions. It was also found that transcription decisions were linked to interpretive consequences. It is concluded that transcription is theory-laden; the choices researchers make about transcription enact the theories they hold and constrain the interpretations they can draw form their data. As it has implications for the interpretation of research data and for decision-making in educational practice, transcription as a process warrants further investigation. (Contains 6 figures and 37 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: N/A