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ERIC Number: ED419652
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Actual Risk and Perceived Risk: Implications for Teaching Judgement and Decision-Making to Leaders.
Guthrie, Steven P.
This paper begins by presenting three tests, which are included in the appendix, of one's awareness of physical risks. This exercise leads to a discussion of the differences between actual and perceived risk, why people participate in outdoor activities, and the inaccurate perception of actual risks. Complicating the issue of accurately perceiving physical risks are sociological, psychological, and physiological factors that affect judgment and decision making in the field. These factors and their effects are discussed. If participants fail to perceive the risks in an activity, they are less likely to take adequate precautions. In addition, liability issues surround the "voluntary assumption of risk." Furthermore, if leaders or participants have an inaccurate perception of risk, they obviously cannot make-high quality decisions. "Common sense" is a learned skill, therefore it is not common among beginners. Educators and leaders should not rely upon common sense but should teach and employ "good sense." Teaching judgment, decision making, and good sense requires teaching an accurate perception of risks. Good judgment and decision making require that leaders be aware of, and adjust for, the ways beginners perceive risks differently from experienced participants and that they factor in the sociological, psychological, and physiological factors affecting judgment. Contains 15 references. (TD)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A