ERIC Number: ED419438
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Jan
Scale of Community Service Attitudes for College Students.
Shiarella, Ann Harris
This paper describes the development of a scale that measures college students' attitudes about community service, based on Schwartz' process model of altruistic helping behavior. The development of such a scale is seen as essential for research, evaluation of interventions, and the prediction of outcomes of community service participation. The model identifies eight sequential steps in four phases in a helping action: (1) activation steps (awareness of need, actions to relieve need, ability to provide help, sense of connectedness), which involve perceptions of a need to respond; (2) obligation step (empathy), or the moral obligation to respond; (3) defense steps (costs and benefits, seriousness of need and responsibility to respond), or reassessment of potential responses; and (4) response step (desire) for engagement in helping behavior. Scale development involved writing 85 survey questions; 74 on community service attitudes, six on demographics, and five on intention to engage in community service. Testing was conducted with 437 college students and was followed by reliability and validity analyses. The scale is continuing to be refined. Tables present results of the analyses done with the pilot test population. (Contains 16 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Colorado State Univ., Ft. Collins.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwest Educational Research Association (Houston, TX, January, 1998).