ERIC Number: ED419329
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Educating Students with Disabilities in General Education Classrooms: A Summary of the Research.
Moore, Caroline; Gilbreath, Debra; Maiuri, Fran
This document reviews the research on achievement and successful practices related to educating students with disabilities in inclusive general education classrooms. First, it examines the meaning of "inclusion" and distinguishes inclusion from mainstreaming and integration. The following section explains legal requirements under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act that mandate student placement in the least restrictive environment and the relationship of inclusion to school reform. The research on inclusion is reviewed separately for its effects on students with mild disabilities, for students with more significant disabilities, and for students without disabilities. The review examines the impact of inclusion on achievement and on attitudes and relationships. Although the review finds that the majority of the available research supports inclusive education, it also notes studies which suggest that inclusion does not work, especially when students with disabilities in the general education setting do not receive necessary support services. The paper concludes with four recommended educational principles: (1) diversity as the new norm, (2) collaborative teaching arrangements, (3) flexible school structure, and (4) performance-based and alternative assessments. A list of seventeen resources is included. (Contains 58 references.)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Compliance (Legal), Delivery Systems, Disabilities, Diversity (Student), Educational Change, Educational Principles, Elementary Secondary Education, Inclusive Schools, Instructional Effectiveness, Mainstreaming, Mild Disabilities, Peer Relationship, Regular and Special Education Relationship, Severe Disabilities, Special Education, Student Placement, Teacher Collaboration
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Western Regional Resource Center, Eugene, OR.; Alaska State Dept. of Education, Juneau. Teaching and Learning Support Div.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act